“Phishing” is a fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and financial information by impersonating a trustworthy entity. Phishing is the single most common method of cyberattack. Phishing can come in the form of a phone call, an email, or a website. Most often, phishing attacks will ask you to click on a link, fill out a form, download a malicious file, or simply respond with some requested information.
There are a number of common signs of phishing:
Hackers will often change the sender's display name in an effort to make an email seem more legitimate. For example, a hacked account might masquerade as the Security office by simply changing the display name to "Campus Security".
Most phishing campaigns rely on volume rather than personalization. Phishing emails often aren't addressed to you with appropriate familiarity. They might instead be addressed to "Sir or Madam", "Mr..." or "Ms...", or simply omit a name at all (e.g. "Dear,").
Phishing attacks sometimes use incorrect language. This is often deliberate: those who aren’t suspicious of blatant language problems are re-targeted in future attacks.
Attackers try to compel you to action before you have had time to become suspicious and use your better judgement. Content will often try to evoke fear, panic, and greed. Topics might be about resetting passwords, submitting paperwork, quickly fleeting windows of opportunity, or a "final notice".
Generic phishing is always unexpected; spear phishing will try to blend in with normal life activities. If you aren’t expecting the communication, you should be suspicious.
Most phishing attacks will try to get you to click on a link or download an attachment. It is never safe to do so: A malicious link or download could immediately allow malware to execute. Another possibility is that the link takes you to a page that outright asks you for credentials; no malware needed. These types of destination pages often try to emulate legitimate pages, like a Norse Key login page. Mousing over a link will usually reveal its destination, often at the bottom of the window. Specifically, notice whether the domain portion of the link is trustworthy. The domain is the portion of the URL that includes the suffix (.edu, .com, etc.) and everything up to the preceding period (e.g. https://subdomain.luther.edu/randompage.html)
If you are the victim of a phishing message (i.e. clicked link, downloaded files, or responded), please reset your Norse Key immediately at norsekey.luther.edu and call the Technology Help Desk at 563-387-1000 for help resecuring your account.
Even if you didn’t interact with the phishing message beyond opening the message, you should report in two ways:
Targeted phishing attacks are those designed to look familiar and/or legitimate. The following video created at the University of Michigan explains how these attacks are geared to users globally and on college campuses.