• Ph.D., German, University of Iowa, 1982
    Dissertation: “Children in the Poetry of Bertolt Brecht: Images of Young People and Examples for Youthful Audiences.”
  • M.A., Theology, Loras College, 1998
    Thesis: “The Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification: Theory and Praxis”
  • M.A, German, University of Connecticut, 1974
  • B.A., German, Syracuse University, 1970