Effects of Racism and Discrimination on Families of Color

The trend of fatal outcomes in interactions between law enforcement and minorities as many consequences and influences on the population. An important consequence to note is the affect that the murder of individuals has on families that are affected by excessive use of force and discriminatory persecution. These events go beyond the triviality of law enforcement confronting a dangerous criminal, and has brothers, sisters, mother, fathers, etc, around the country asking, "Why did this significant person in my life deserve to die?" or, "Am I next?". The experience of families who have lost members because of excessive use of police force perpetuate the distrust of law enforcement, citing frequent patterns of seemingly targeted violence and racialized supervision.

"Assessing the Impact of Community Violence of Children and Youths," a study by Neil Guterman and Mark Cameron

"The article explores the manifestation and consequences of community violence in the lives of children and youths. Community violence experiences are all too common among young people, particularly for those living in America's urban centers. Recent studies indicate that 80 percent to 90 percent of children living in urban settings are direct victims of or witnesses to significant acts of violence in their neighborhoods, schools or communities. Specific experiences with violent incidents most often are embedded in broader community and social contexts. An impoverished physical environment characterized by abandoned buildings, empty lots, or deteriorated streets may provide a backdrop for violence. The manifestations of racism such as suspicion by neighbors or shopkeepers, hyper vigilance of police and security guards, or exclusionary policies of landlords contribute to an awareness of mistrust and danger in one's community"

"Black Mothers' Cognitive Process of Finding Meaning and Building Resilience after Loss of a Child to Gun Violence", a study by Anette Bailey, et. al.

"Loss of a child to gun violence is a traumatic experience that can leave parents in a state of trepidation, unable to find meaning. Meaning-making, learned from a cognitive system of appraisal, is central to their grieving process, especially in making sense of their loss. For black mothers, who are disproportionately affected by homicide loss, the phenomenon of making meaning remains overlooked. A sequential mixed-method approach is used to explore the cognitive process of black mothers in finding meaning and building resilience following loss of their children to gun violence. The quantitative aspect of this study demonstrated a relationship between black mothers' resilience and cognitive reappraisal. A subsequent qualitative approach clarified how ten black mothers constructed meaning of their loss and built resilience, and the factors involved in this process. Content analysis showed that finding meaning and achieving personal growth were influenced by social and cultural factors and grounded in spirituality. Interventions for black mothers who suffer gun violence loss should consider these factors in promoting growth and recovery" -Oxford University Press