Understanding the Spectrum

When people discuss gender and sex, particularly in the western world, the terms are often used interchangeably and blur the rich distinctions of both terms. Most people live comfortably with the notion that gender and sex are interchangeable markers for one's assigned biological sex at birth, determined by one's genitalia as a strict binary of male or female. However, the structure is more intricate than that; biological sex and gender are not the same and are not determined solely by one's physical attributes. A intricate intersectional relationship between one's sex, internal identity as male or female (or both or neither), as well as the outward presentations of one's identity all influence one's ultimate sense of gender. The intricacies and layers of gender and sexuality can then be better thought of as a spectrum rather than a rigid binary structure. To fully understand the breadth and rich diversity of identities under the scope of the gender and sexuality spectrums, we have compiled a list of online resources that are particularly helpful understanding these concepts:


"As one of the most fundamental aspects of self, gender impacts everybody. Explore the issues related to gender for children and teens and learn the impact gender inclusiveness and diversity can have" - genderspectrum

Boundless.com - Gender as a Spectrum and Transgender Identities

Boundless is an online textbook resource that offers helpful information on a wide variety of subjects, and a particularly comprehensive overview of the gender spectrum and the variety of identities of the gender spectrum.

Tolerance.org - Teaching Tolerance and the Gender Spectrum

This online resource offers insights and anecdotes on raising LGBTQIA+ kids, understanding LGBTQIA+ students, and how to create an inclusive environments for children, students, and educators in the classroom and at home.