In the United States, a series of compounding factors such as access to education, certain careers, economic stability (or lack thereof), and race, to name a few, have considerable affects that create a condition of hierarchy which prioritizes masculinity and maleness over femininity and women. The resulting phenomena is a systemic devaluation of women and women's work, evident by drastic gaps in wages, ratio of men to women in certain job fields (glass ceilings), and lack of women in certain job fields.
"The trends in the gender pay gap in the United States form a somewhat mixed picture. On the one hand, after a half a century of stability in the earnings of women relative to men there has been a substantial increase in women's relative earnings since the late 1970s. One of the things that make this development especially dramatic and significant is that the recent changes contrast markedly with the relative stability of earlier years. On the other hand, there is still a gender pay gap. Women continue to earn considerably less than men on average, and the convergence that began in the late 1970s slowed noticeably in the 1990s. Is this slowdown just a blip in an overall trend, or has the pay gap converged as far as it can? We look at this issue in depth and make some predictions for the future."