A tale of two lectures

The ideas and viewpoints expressed in the posts on the Ideas and Creations blog are solely the view of the author(s). Luther College's mission statement calls us to "embrace diversity and challenge one another to learn in community," and to be "enlivened and transformed by encounters with one another, by the exchange of ideas, and by the life of faith and learning." Alumni, faculty, staff, students and friends of the college are encouraged to express their views, model "good disagreement" and engage in respectful dialogue.

Last week I had the privilege of attending two interesting lectures at Luther College. First was the Farwell Distinguished Lecture given by Jonathan Haidt titled "The Coddling of the American Mind." Two nights later, Luther alum Maggie Steinberg Hagen '15, gave a religion forum related to her research into Luther's history with race relations titled "'Here We Stand:'" Reflections on Luther's Racial History and Legacy."

I was excited for the Haidt lecture because the advanced publicity led me to believe he would be approaching the problem of student mental health from a perspective I would resonate with. And on this Haidt did not disappoint. His diagnosis of societal and parental over-protection leading young people to view themselves as fragile and lacking resilience seemed right on point (though possibly overstated) and needed to be heard. But then he veered onto the topic of responses to racial micro-aggressions and the growth of anti-racist activism on college campuses, viewing these things as a further manifestation of lack of resilience. In Haidt's view, black and brown students have become too sensitive to micro-aggressions and need to develop a more magnanimous attitude to those who make racially insensitive remarks. This dismissal of the reality of systemic racism and its effects on people of color was nothing short of stunning. But unfortunately, it was also not surprising.

One of the things that makes racism so pernicious in our society is the unwillingness of white people to take seriously the self-reported experiences of people of color. We take it upon ourselves to be the arbiters of whether or not racism still exists in our society, blissfully unaware of the absurdity of doing so. No one would test whether a particular food item contained peanuts by having a person without a peanut allergy take a bite. Only a person who is sensitive to peanuts will be in a position to know upon eating that food whether or not it contains peanuts! Likewise, white people's opinions regarding the existence of racism are generally irrelevant. As the dominant race, white people are not affected by systemic racism. Only those who are in the unfortunate position of experiencing racism are in a position to truly determine its existence.

As a white man, Haidt seemed only too happy to disregard the complaints of black and brown people, passing them off as symptoms of distorted thinking patterns that could be cured by Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. But nothing could be further from the truth. As we learned in the recent synagogue massacre in Pittsburgh and other instances of racial violence, marginalized people in this country do in fact live with a real and understandable sense of vulnerability. There really are people out there who want to do them harm simply because of who they are, and any kind of racist micro-aggression (or macro-aggression like carving a swastika or the letters KKK into the snow of the football field) they experience only serves to remind them of their great vulnerability, thus provoking a deep sense of anxiety. People of color are not the victims of distorted thought patterns. Their anxiety has a firm basis in reality. They live in a perpetual state of vulnerability simply because of who they are, an experience foreign to most white people.

This dynamic was very much on display at the second lecture. Maggie Hagen gave an excellent overview of Luther's history with racism starting with Luther's founding during the Civil War and the desire of its lay founders to build an institution that would no longer perpetuate the theological justification of slavery. She then followed with a discussion of Luther in the Civil Rights movement and the founding of the Black Student Union in 1968, followed by a personal account of her own experience of being a black student at Luther College and the racism she experienced.

While her presentation was well received, during the question and answer session, one audience member with long-standing ties to Luther took personal affront at her criticisms of Luther's handling of race relations, angrily accusing her of not giving credit to those like him who had worked throughout their careers to improve the racial climate on campus. He seemed to imply that because of his and others' efforts, the problem of racism at Luther had been significantly mitigated, a truth that Maggie had the audacity to challenge. But challenge it she did.

Like Jonathan Haidt, this well-meaning white man seemed only too willing to take it upon himself to determine the state of race relations at Luther, dismissing the experience of a black student while blind to the way he was reinforcing Maggie's very thesis by exercising his white privilege. Maggie is the only one who can truly know what her experience at Luther was like.

The problem of racism in our society is real, it is pernicious and it will not be solved until we white people have the courage to face our own complicity in the maintenance of structures of racism; until we come to understand that racism is not just about angry mobs marching in Charlottesville or white supremacists shooting up black churches and Jewish synagogues. Even the most race-conscious and enlightened among us can still perpetuate racist systems by blindly exercising our privilege rather than recognizing it as privilege. It is high time for white people to begin listening—really listening.

I do not regret attending the Jonathan Haidt lecture. It was intellectually stimulating. But I have come away from these two lectures feeling that Luther would have been better served had Maggie Hagen given the distinguished lecture in the CFL Main hall, and Jonathan Haidt had given his presentation in the recital hall. For as a white man I can unequivocally say that it is Maggie's lecture that the Luther community really needed to hear.

Robert Shedinger

Robert Shedinger

Robert Shedinger is a professor of religion at Luther College. He is the author of several books, including the 2015 "Jesus and Jihad," "Was Jesus a Muslim?: Questioning Categories in the Study of Religion" and "Radically Open: Transcending Religious Identity in an Age of Anxiety."

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  • November 1 2018 at 4:58 pm
    Thomas C. Johnson

    Thank you, Professor Shedinger.  Spot on, as usual, Sir.

  • November 2 2018 at 12:40 pm
    Robert Shedinger

    Thank you, Thomas.

  • November 2 2018 at 2:03 pm
    Brooke Joyce

    Yes! While I do believe we can all extend grace to those who commit what Haidt would like us to call "faux pas," we also risk minimizing the cummulative effects that insensitive comments have over time (as well as in the moment). I was also surprised by Haidt's lack of grace extended to students who suffer from anxiety and other mental illnesses. Yes, perhaps some students should face their fears lean in to their anxieties; for other students, the act of getting out of bed and making their way to class is sometimes a Herculean task, and I'd rather give those students some space. 

  • November 2 2018 at 5:49 pm

    I was a student at Luther from 1968 to 1971. My attitudes and beliefs were typical of a white person: I am not racist; I'm not a member of the KKK. I had black friends in school, etc. However there were subconscious rules that I as a white person followed, such as keeping your distance. I would be shocked and outraged if my sister were dating a black person.


    During my sophomore year, there was an associate dean, Gene Briggs, who scheduled events at each college residence hall to engage students with some of the black students on the pernicious attitudes toward race. It was very troubling for me to hear what was being discussed. Most white students did not say anything (including me), and some actually walked out on the discussion, including one black student who I am sure had heard enough racist statements. The discussion challenged my assumptions about race. The experience was similar to the scales being removed from my eyes. It was one of a few transforming events in my life.


    Today, at 68 years old, I am still a racist, but I still fight to root out invidious racist thoughts and attitudes, although I will never have that peanut allergy. I will never know what it is truly like to be black.

  • November 3 2018 at 9:17 pm
    Robert Shedinger

    Thanks for your honesty, Bill. If only more white peoople could have the experience you describe. There is so much fear and negative value judgment attached to the label racist. Yet it is really just a descriptive term. To be a white person inculturated in a society based on white privilege is to be a racist. How could it be otherwise? 

  • November 20 2018 at 6:29 pm
    Peter P.

    I had not read or listened to any of Johnathan Haidt's work until I read this ideas and creations blog.  I think it is great that Luther was able to bring the renowned social psychologist and Professor of Ethical Leadership to campus.

    Unfortunately I was not able to attend the lecture. But I have spent 5 hours listening to Dr. Haidt's Ted Talks and reading some of his scholarly articles the past few days.  And unless Dr. Haidt's lecture was completely different than the content I have read and listened to online, I think Dr. Shedinger's review shows exactly why the Luther campus needed Dr. Shedinger to present his views.

    In ALL of the content I have viewed online Dr. Shedinger explicitly acknowledges racism is deeply imbeded in America and we should all work to eliminate racisim.  Dr. Haidt's approach in his book "The Coddling of the American Mind" is more self help than in your face.  He in fact believes that the three untruths make it impossible to have discussions which will reduce or eliminate micro-aggression.

    Dr. Haidt's belief is simply adults are doing a disservice to young minds by raising them with these three "untruths"

    1. The Untruth of Fragility: What doesn’t kill you makes you weaker.
    2. The Untruth of Emotional Reasoning: Always trust your feelings.
    3. The Untruth of Us vs. Them: Life is a battle between good people and evil people.

    Haidt's point is that these three untruths result in young adults who are suffering from mental distress. The untruth also stokes the unrest that is seen on college campuses.  These three untruths have nothing to do with being white or black, asian or native american. 

    Haidt offers an alternate approach, and although I was not at the lecture, I am assuming based on the title of the lecture he covered these approaches.

    1. Seek out challenges “rather than eliminating or avoiding everything that ‘feels unsafe.’”
    2. Free yourself from cognitive distortions “rather than always trusting your initial feelings.”
    3. Take a generous view of other people, and look for nuance, “rather than assuming the worst about people within a simplistic us-versus-them morality.”

    Lets take for example the "carving a swastika or the letters KKK into the snow of the football field".  No one would disagree that the act of putting a swastika in the snow is insensitive and shows a true lack of character.  If you apply "Life is a battle between good people and evil people" perspective to this event, you have a campus in search of the right wing extremists who must have put this on the field with the only suitable punishment being expulsion from the institution.  On the other hand, if you apply the "take a generous view of other people and look for nuances" the campus would now be looking for the student(s) who had one too many cocktails at "Scoes" who need to learn a lesson that not all jokes are funny and that words and actions have meaning, These same students may need help of their own in regards to alcohol or addiction.  We know the lense which was used on Luther's campus as the campus raged for months.

    To Bill's point, Luther has been less than perfect over the decades.  But it is safe to say that Luther's acceptance of diversity has improved tremendously because of leaders like Assistant Dean Briggs and the willingness of students like Maggie Steinberg to share her experiences at Luther.  I would recommend that Luther invite Dr. Haidt back to campus for additional dialogue as his thoughts around emotional reasoning are actually meant to improve discussion on campus rather create more divide.  


  • November 21 2018 at 3:33 pm
    Robert Shedinger

    Thanks for your thoughtful response, Peter. Your summary of Haidt's work seems accurate to me and is the reason that I did agree with much of what he said. I see the three untruths he enumerates working in the lives of my students quite frequently. But I still maintain that he failed to recognize the way that systemic racism creates the conditions whereby students of color experience the world in ways quite different from those of us who are white, and their reactions to micro-agressions cannot simply be lumped into the same box as those of white students.

    When the swastika appeared on the football field last year, I, as a white Christian, could pass it off as a stupid prank done in very poor taste. But my jewish colleague was shaken to the core. Why the difference in reaction? Was she overreacting? Not at all. That symbol activated in her a sense of personal vulnerability colored by her experience as a Jewish woman living in an anti-Semitic environment where she knows that there are are people around who would do her harm just because of her religious affiliation (see the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting for evidence). I do not share that experience because I am from a privileged group.

    Haidt had many interesting things to say, but in my view he is also blind to his own white male privilege. 

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