Moving Beyond King's Dream

The ideas and viewpoints expressed in the posts on the Ideas and Creations blog are solely the view of the author(s). Luther College's mission statement calls us to "embrace diversity and challenge one another to learn in community," and to be "enlivened and transformed by encounters with one another, by the exchange of ideas, and by the life of faith and learning." Alumni, faculty, staff, students and friends of the college are encouraged to express their views, model "good disagreement" and engage in respectful dialogue.

An earlier version of this blog appeared in the Jan. 13 Saturday edition of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, the only major daily newspaper in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, Georgia, home of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the King Center. This version is printed here with permission.

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. King was murdered one year to the day after one of his most politically incisive speeches, "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence."

In that speech, King criticized American leadership for lacking what he termed, "true values."  He called for a "radical revolution of values," claiming that such a revolution was the only way of defeating the "giant triplets of racism, extreme materialism, and militarism."

While there is much I could say about the ongoing prevalence of racism today and the rampant materialism of American society, I will limit my comments on this MLK holiday to American militarism.

Despite a 2018 budget that contains the largest dollar cuts to programs for low- and moderate-income people, Donald Trump recently signed into law a sweeping defense policy bill that authorizes a $700 billion budget for the military. Celebrating the bill, Trump said, "We need our military. It's got to be perfecto." The United States already spends more on military defense than the next eight countries combined.

In addition to military spending, the militarization of local police forces in America has become a common practice. The issue of militarized policing rose to national attention during the 2014 Ferguson protests.

This militarization mentality is one of the things King condemned over 50 years ago. While Americans today will praise King's "I Have a Dream" speech, few will highlight his "Beyond Vietnam" speech.

In that speech, King spoke of social programs designed to help Americans being eviscerated, while millions of dollars were being spent on warfare. He described America as a "society gone mad on war."

The media responded harshly to King's speech. Time magazine called it "demagogic slander that sounded like a script for Radio Hanoi." An editorial in the April 6, 1967 Washington Post said King "has done a grave injury to those who are his natural even graver injury to himself." The Post continued, "Many who have listened to him with respect will never again accord him the same confidence. He has diminished his usefulness to his cause, to his country and to his people."

King's critique of American militarism was characterized as an unpatriotic betrayal of his country. His critique was also spun as a betrayal "to his people." Despite that portrayal, King was assassinated while advocating for the uplift of "his people."

On April 3, 1968, King delivered the last public speech of his life. King spoke of the injustice felt by the city's sanitation workers, who were on strike protesting low pay and poor working conditions.

King spent most of the next morning in his motel room working on his sermon for Sunday. Before stepping out onto the balcony outside his hotel room that day and being struck down by an assassin's bullet, King called his mother to give her his sermon title: "Why America May Go to Hell." King warned that "America is going to hell if we don't use her vast resources to end poverty and make it possible for all of God's children to have the basic necessities of life."

Despite the claim made by the Washington Post one year earlier, King had in no way "diminished his usefulness to his cause, to his country and to his people." We are most useful to our cause, to our country, and to our people when we're courageous enough to speak truth to power on behalf of our cause, our country, and our people.

Critiquing American involvement in Vietnam, King said, "A true revolution of values will lay hand on the world order and say of war, 'This way of settling differences is not just.'... A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death."

King's call for visionary leadership is important for Americans to hear today:

America, the richest and most powerful nation in the world, can well lead the way in this revolution of values. There is nothing except a tragic death wish to prevent us from reordering our priorities so that the pursuit of peace will take precedence over the pursuit of war…. War is not the answer…. Let us not join those who shout war and, through their misguided passions, urge the United States to relinquish its participation in the United Nations. These are days which demand wise restraint and calm reasonableness.

While the current U.S. President promotes an "America first" strategy that stresses national loyalties over global loyalties and promotes the total annihilation of America's enemies, King's revolution of values promotes global human loyalties and the rejection of war:

A genuine revolution of values means in the final analysis that our loyalties must become ecumenical rather than sectional. Every nation must now develop an overriding loyalty to mankind as a whole in order to preserve the best in their individual societies. This call for a worldwide fellowship that lifts neighborly concern beyond one's tribe, race, class, and nation is, in reality, a call for an all-embracing–embracing and unconditional love for all mankind..We can no longer afford to worship the god of hate or bow before the altar of retaliation.

As America celebrates the King holiday 50 years after his assassination, let us celebrate by pursuing King's radical revolution of values. While King's "I Have a Dream" speech is an important speech, anyone claiming to honor the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. without challenging the "giant triplets of racism, extreme materialism, and militarism" addressed in King's "Beyond Vietnam" speech is doing nothing more than paying lip service to the bold and courageous legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.

Guy Nave

Guy Nave

Guy Nave, professor of religion, has been part of the Religion Department faculty since 2001, focusing on the topics of Christianity, biblical studies, religion and social justice, the social construction of religious meaning, and race-religion-and-politics. Professor Nave is currently researching the power, politics and meaning behind the rhetoric of "change," as well as the role of Christianity in bringing about social "change." In addition to writing for Luther College's Ideas and Creations blog, Nave is the founder of the online social media platform Clamoring for Change and is a guest contributor to a number of online sites, including Sojourners Commentary blog series.

View all posts

{ Return to Ideas and Creations for more posts. }


  • January 16 2018 at 7:58 am
    John Caldwell
    Thanks, Guy, for this much-needed refresher! In the United States racism, capitalism, and militarism are bound up in each other. We could even, to appropriate language from another context, say that they mutually coinhere. King was one of the first public figure to point this out.
  • January 16 2018 at 8:44 am
    Guy Nave

    Thanks, John. Without revealing too much about my trinitarian theology, the language of "mutual coinherence" might be more appropriate here than in Byzantine theology.

  • January 26 2018 at 10:23 am
    thanks for sharing with us..

Add a comment

The following fields are not to be filled out. Skip to Submit Button.
(This is here to trap robots. Don't put any text here.)
(This is here to trap robots. Don't put any text here.)
(This is here to trap robots. Don't put any text here.)