• Ph.D., American Art History, University of Iowa, 2003-2009
    Dissertation: “Epic Encounters: First Contact Imagery in Nineteenth-century
    and Early Twentieth-century American Art.”
  • M.A., Art History; University of Iowa, 2000-2002
    Thesis: “Definition from the Outside: Jeff Wall and The Children's
  • B.A., Art History, St. Olaf College, 1998
    Senior Thesis: “The Family of Man: The Position of Photography Within the
    Fine Art Tradition.”
  • B.A., Studio Art, St. Olaf College, 1998