• Ph.D., History, University of Pennsylvania, 2003
    Dissertation: "Settling for the State: Pastoralists and Colonial Rule in Southwestern Panjab, 1840-1900.”
  • M.A., South Asia Regional Studies, University of Pennsylvania, 1995
    Thesis: “Politics of Sikh Historiography, 1700-1995.”
  • B.A., Honors in Government, College of William and Mary, 1993
    Thesis: “Political Instability in the States of India: Four Case Studies.”