Students share in the governance of the college. They participate in social and cultural programming and a great variety of college activities; they have full membership on some college committees and nonvoting representation to the board of regents.

The Luther College Student Senate conducts student government and serves as a forum for student concerns, issues, and problems. Its membership reflects the student community broadly and includes representation of the Student Activities Council, Luther College Congregation, Inter-Greek Council, Diversity Center, multiple special interest groups, and class representatives.