• Piano study with Morton Estrin (1956-67)
  • Piano study and master classes with Paul Badura-Skoda (1968-70)
  • Bachelor of Arts degree with a double major in music and English literature, Oberlin College (1971)
  • Summer Performance Certificate, The Mozarteum, Salzburg, Austria (1971)
  • Master of Music degree in piano with Charles Rosen, State University of New York at Stony Brook (1973)
  • Doctor of Musical Arts degree in piano with William C. Race, the University of Texas at Austin (1976)
  • German study, Institute for European Studies, Vienna, Austria
    Master classes with three professors, Hochschule für Musik, Vienna, Austria (1983-84)