Buddhism in Tibet

Origins of Tibetan Buddhism

  • Two origins:
    • Indian Buddhism coming from Gupta Dynasty
    • Native religions of Tibet
  • Indian Buddhism was spread to Tibet in 2 ways:
    • Scholars (Santarakshita) of monastic universities bringing it back
    • Wandering Tantric saints introducing it (Padma Sambhava)
  • Tantric Buddhism was also influenced by Tantric Hinduism -most of Buddhist transmission occurred during the 8th century CE
  • Buddhism declared the state religion of Tibet (791 CE)
  • 4 main sects, which are lineages of transmission from masters to diciples exist in Tibetan Buddhism
  • Two major sects include:
    • rNying-ma - introduced in the 7th and 8th centuries CE
    • dGe-lugs - introduced by Tsung-kha-pa (1357-1419 CE)
  • Based upon Bon, Mahayana, and Tantra
  • Bases itself on the "four baskets":
    • vinaya
    • surtras
    • abhidharma
    • getri
  • Four nine vehicles of Buddhism:
    • Hinayana
    • Mahayana
    • Vajryana
    • Mantrayana
    • 5 books of Yogacara

LINEAGE OF THE DALAI LAMA

Gedun Truppa 1391-1475 CE
Gedun Gyatso 1475-1542
Sonam Gyatso 1543-1588
Yonten Gyatso 1589-1617
Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso 1617-1682
Tsangyang Gyatso 1683-1706
Kesang Gyatso 1708-1757
Jampel Gyatso 1758-1804
Luntok Gyatso 1806-1815
Tsultrim Gyatso 1816-1837
Khendrup Gyatso 1838-1856
Trinley Gyatso 1856-1875
Thupten Gyatso 1876-1933
Tenzin Gyatso 1935-Present