Careers

Making the Most of Your Psychology Major or Minor

Pursuing a psychology major or minor is more than just completing the required courses. It involves active engagement with your professors, fellow students and the subject matter. In short, the more you put into your education, the more you will get out of it. And clearly, the earlier you begin this engagement, the more thoroughly you will be prepared for life after Luther. There are many opportunities for involvement such as psychology organizations like Psychology Club and Psi Chi, research teams, internships and volunteering. 

Beginning Resources for Your Psychology Major/Minor

Psychology Major! What Are You Going to Do With That? Strategies for Maximizing Your Degree
by Derek E. Zeigler-Ohio University, Lindsay M. Orchowski, PhD-Brown University (RI)
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 14: Spring 2010

Undergraduate Research Experience: Preparation for the Job Market
by Merry J. Sleigh and Darren R. Ritzer
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 11: Spring 2007

The Undergraduate Psychology Internship: Benefits, Selection, and Making the Most of Your Experience
by Todd J. Walter
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 11: Spring 2007

Student Memberships Lead to Greater Opportunities in Psychology
by Christopher Koch
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 11: Fall 2006

The Six Characteristics of Highly Effective Psychologists
by Douglas C. Maynard
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 10: Summer 2006

Advantages of Undergraduate Research: A Student's Perspective
by Katie LaRoche, Psi Chi Chapter Vice President
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 8: Winter 2004

The Importance of Being Mentored
by Elizabeth Yost Hammer, Psi Chi National President (2002-03)
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 7: Spring 2003

Careers for Psychology Majors

There are two basic career paths Luther graduates pursue: graduate school and immediate employment after graduation. These two paths are often intertwined, with some students working a year or more and then pursuing graduate school, or pursuing a graduate degree while employed, either full-time or part-time.  Ultimately, a little over half of our psychology alumni complete a graduate degree.

Career choice is clearly one of the most important outcomes of your Luther education. This can be a very complicated, but ultimately very rewarding task. Often times, there are many considerations that may not be readily apparent, such as licensure, application deadlines, etc., that can make or break an applicant. In addition, many new graduates from Luther, whether applying for direct employment or graduate school, are competing with applicants that have several years of work experience or even a graduate degree. Of course, such competition is heightened further by these uncertain economic times. Students are strongly encouraged to work closely with their advisors and other mentors (e.g., Career Center staff) in order to make sound choices. Those students that start actively exploring career options early in their time at Luther—even in their first year here—are much more likely to be successful applicants and alleviate a lot of potential life stress in the process.  

Initial Resources for Career Development

Looking Toward Your Future in Psychology: Taking a Closer Look at Career Preparation
by Theresa A. DeWalt
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 12: Winter 2008

A Million and One Ways to Use Your Psychology Degree
by Leyla Law
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 9: Fall 2004

Graduate School

Most students pursue graduate school full-time and choose more applied master’s programs.Most of these programs are considered terminal degrees. That is, completion of this degree is sufficient to meet typical academic requirements for licensure, accreditation, etc. Luther students are typically accepted to such programs readily and perform quite well once there. Such programs typically take two years to complete and are practical ways to refine career training and ensure stable, meaningful employment. Examples of such areas of graduate study include: Master’s in Social Work, School Psychologist/Counselor, Physical Therapist, etc.

Other students pursue doctoral degrees. Most often this is in a specialized field of psychology, but our majors also apply successfully to other doctoral programs in the fields noted below. Entrance into such programs, particularly in medical school or doctoral programs in clinical or counseling psychology, are typically extremely competitive. Successful applicants typically have superior GPAs, research participation, internship/employment experiences, letters of recommendation and graduate entrance exam scores (e.g., GREs, MCATS, etc).  In fact, many of the successful applicants for such programs already have significant work or educational experience beyond their bachelor’s degree. Therefore, in order to be a successful applicant for doctoral study directly after Luther, students should work very closely with his or her advisor and other relevant faculty and staff to achieve a superior g.p.a., meaningful research, significant internship/job placement, and very high standardized test scores. Students should be aware that most such applications will be due late in the first semester of their senior year, leaving even less time to demonstrate proficiency.   Examples of doctoral programs include those in psychology (e.g., Clinical, Developmental) and related fields like law and medicine.

Graduate School Resources

Where Should I Apply to Graduate School?
by Jeffrey L. Helms, PhD, & Mary E. Schnorf Kennesaw State University (GA)
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 14: Fall 2009

Alternative Master's Degree Programs for Psychology Majors
by Linda L. Walsh
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 11: Fall 2006

Applying for Graduate Programs in Psychology: Recommendations for the Next Generation of Psychologists
by Stephanie Judson, Lindsay M. Orchowski, PhD
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 14: Winter 2010

Graduate Admissions in Psychology: I. The Application Process
by John C. Norcross, Jessica L. Kohout, and Marlene Wicherski
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 10: Winter 2006

Graduate Admissions in Psychology: II. Acceptance Rates and Financial Considerations
by John C. Norcross, Jessica L. Kohout, and Marlene Wicherski
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 10: Spring 2006

Applying to Graduate School in Clinical Psychology: Advice for the Aspiring Applicant
by Katherine A. Schoeneman and Thomas J. Schoeneman
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 10: Winter 2006

Organizing Your Personal Statement: An Outline to Get You Started
by Merry J . Sleigh, PhD
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 13: Summer 2009

How to Avoid the Kisses of Death in the Graduate School Application Process
by Drew C. Appleby and Karen M. Appleby
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 11: Spring 2007

The Curriculum Vita: A Student's Guide to Preparation
by R. Eric Landrum
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 9: Winter 2005

Applying to Graduate School: The Interview Process
by Barbara A. Oudekerk, BA, and Bette L. Bottoms, PhD
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 12: Fall 2007

Finding the Right Mentor: Gaining Admission to and Succeeding in Graduate School
by Betty S. Lai and William D. Ellison
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 11: Summer 2007

Warning: GRE Changes Are Closer Than They Appear
by R. Eric Landrum, PhD
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 15: Fall 2010

Undergraduate Research: Getting Involved and Getting Into Graduate School (A Student's Perspective)
by Scott F. Grover
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 11: Fall 2006

More Immediate Employment

Many Luther alumni find very meaningful careers without a graduate degree. Such fields are wide-ranging and relatively easy to obtain. In such positions, students often find themselves helping others, but perhaps less directly than the typical counselor. More direct positions helping others are available as well, but are challenging to maintain for a significant time both financially and emotionally. Most graduates use such positions as a springboard to graduate study or more administrative work. Students more intent on pursuing employment right after graduation should work closely with faculty and staff to consider practical minors, majors and electives that will prepare them for the personnel and administrative requirements of most positions. Internships or other practical experiences are particularly important in refining interests and demonstrating skills. Examples of such employment include organizations serving children or developmentally disabled adults, non-profit agencies, healthcare institutions like Mayo Clinic, and management positions in major businesses like Target and Best Buy.

Resources for More Immediate Employment

Occupations of Interest to Psychology Majors From the Dictionary of Occupational Titles
by Drew C. Appleby
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 10: Summer 2006

Career Planning and Opportunities: The Bachelor's Degree in Psychology
by Joan B. Cannon
Eye on Psi Chi: Volume 9: Spring 2005