Microsoft PowerPoint is a popular program for creating electronic presentations in the form of slide shows. This ITS training document deals with PowerPoint 2010, the latest version of PowerPoint.
Upon completion of this 1-on-1 training, you will be able to:
Note: the terms “presentation” and “slide show” are synonymous and will be used interchangeably throughout this document.
For additional information on PowerPoint 2010 and Office 2010, please visit Lynda.com. If you are interested in access to Lynda.com please contact the Technology Help Desk at [email protected] or 563-387-1000.
Searching for tips on creating effective PowerPoint presentations? Take a look at this article (and video) from the Chronicle of Higher Education title, Improving PowerPoint-style Presentations.
1. First, open Microsoft PowerPoint by clicking Start > All Programs > Applications > Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2010.
Note: PowerPoint may be located in a different place in your Start menu.
When you open PowerPoint, an empty slide show will automatically be created.
2. Your slide show starts off with one slide, and its layout is initially a simple title and subtitle. If you want, you can change the “layout” of your slide. PowerPoint has a number of predefined layouts that you can use. In the Home tab of the Ribbon, you’ll notice there is a Layout button. Click the Layout button and you will see the different predefined layouts that you can use. You may also have a custom layout, which you can create by simply inserting the objects that you want and moving them around.
3. You can edit the text in the slide by clicking on the text field, then editing the text. For now, let’s type in the title “Executive Presentation,” and for the subtitle, type “I’ll think of something to put here.”
To add a slide to your slide show, click the New Slide button in the Home tab of the Ribbon. There are actually two halves to this button. The top half of the button (the icon) just creates a new slide with a default title and bulleted list formatted slide. If you click the bottom half of the New Slide button, you will be given a menu of layouts for your new slide. Let’s create a couple of slides and put a little bit of content in them.
1. Click the New Slide button a few times (click the top part of it to get the default layout).
2. Click the thumbnail for the second slide in the Sidebar to go to the second slide.
3. Type in the title “Introduction,” and then click on the “Click to add text” field to start typing in some bullet points for your slide.
4. You can also see how the different types of pasting will affect the look of your slide before actually pasting material in. Let’s highlight and copy the word Introduction to the clipboard. Now click anywhere on the bulleted part of the page (where you wish to preview the effect of your pasting). Under the Home tab, click the bottom half of the paste button (not the icon itself), and point the cursor to any of the thumbnail shown to preview your slide with pasting.
Note: To make a good slide show, make sure your bullet points contain only small tidbits of text, not huge paragraphs. Remember that when you are giving a presentation, it is you, the speaker, who is the most important part, not the PowerPoint slide show. The slide show is nothing more than a visual aid, and as such, it’s helpful to have more than just text. Insert images, flow charts, graphs, or anything else that will make it easier for you to get your point across to your audience (don’t flood your slide shows with content, but instead, keep it simple). Finally, you should have no more than one slide per minute of speaking.
There’s no need to have a boring white background for your slide show. With PowerPoint, you can quickly choose a theme for your entire slide show. Click the Design tab of the Ribbon, and choose a theme that tickles your fancy. It will automatically be applied to your entire slide show. Some of the themes have a background graphic, which you may choose to hide for any of the slides by checking the hide background graphics box to the far right, under the design tab.
Themes are applied to the entire PowerPoint presentation. It is not possible to use one theme for one slide and then use another theme for another. However, just like 2007, some of PowerPoint 2010’s new themes have 2 different backgrounds, one for section headers and one for the others, so it is possible to distinguish those slides.
You can move from slide to slide by simply scrolling up and down using the vertical scroll bar on the right side of the window. You can also switch slides using the sidebar, which contains thumbnails of all of your slides. You will find the sidebar on the left side of the window. You can click on the thumbnail to go to the slide you want.
With PowerPoint, you can make a slide show as simple or as elaborate as you like. One simple way to add a little pizzazz to your presentation is to add transitions between your slides. You can add transitions by clicking on the Transitions tab of the Ribbon and choosing from the transitions in the Transition to This Slide section. If you want the same transition between all of your slides, click Apply to All. Once transitions are in place, a shooting star symbol will occur next to the affected thumbnails.
PowerPoint 2010 gives you the opportunity to add animations to your text. You can add animation by clicking on the animations tab of the Ribbon, selecting the text to animate, and choosing from the animations in the animation section. Once the animation has been added, a small box with a number in it will appear next to the text. The number indicates the order of the animations on the slide.
While working on your slide show, there are a few different ways you can look at it as you’re editing. To change views, click the View tab of the Ribbon and click on the view you would like. There are also view icons at the bottom of the screen that you can click on.
Here are a few useful ones:
If you want to move a slide to a different position in your slide show, drag its thumbnail in the side bar in Normal view, or drag its thumbnail in Slide Sorter view.
Office 2010 has brought back the file menu. The Ribbon consists of several tabs:
The Home Tab contains the tools you will probably find yourself using most frequently when you are using PowerPoint.
The Insert tab allows you to insert objects into your slides.
The Design tab gives you access to ways you can customize the appearance of your presentation.
The Transitions tab is where you go to control slide transitions.
The Animations tab is where you go to control text animations.
The Slide Show tab lets you control how you want your slide show presented and lets you use automatic timers.
The Review tab lets you check for spelling errors, track changes, and gives you access to other editing-related aspects.
The View tab lets you change how you view the presentation while editing it.
In PowerPoint 2010 (and other Office programs), the Office Button in Office 2007 has been replaced with the File tab in Office 2010. This tab gives you access to things that you used to find in the Office Button, or the File menu in earlier versions, like opening, saving and printing, and it also gives you access to PowerPoint options. The File tab also shows a backstage view of a document. The Backstage view is where you manage your documents and related data about them.
To save, click the File Tab, and click Save. You can also use the Ctrl+S keyboard shortcut.
To print a slide show, click the File tab and click Print. You will then see a number of options for printing. To save paper, it is a good idea to choose to print a handout or notes page, as opposed to printing the slides. You can choose what you want to print by clicking on the menu under “Settings.” As you make your selection, you will see a preview of how it will print.
PowerPoint 2007/2010 uses a different file format than previous versions. Therefore, older versions of PowerPoint will not be able to open a PowerPoint 2010 file without a compatibility add-on. However, PowerPoint 2010 can save presentations in the older format. Click the File tab, click on Save As then click the save as type and choose PowerPoint 97-2003 Presentation.
The add-on from Microsoft is available here.
PowerPoint and other 2010 Office programs give you the option to customize the Ribbon in order to have quick access to commands you use most often. Now let’s say you want to have the Quick print command right under your eyes for easy access. To do this:
You can always go back later and delete your created tab by selecting it from the Customize the Ribbon box, and click on Remove. Note: your created groups or tabs will have (custom) next to them, although the word custom does not appear on the ribbon.
PowerPoint 2010 has a built-in help system. Hit the F1 key, or click the question mark on the upper right part of the window to access it.
Since PowerPoint 2007 and PowerPoint 2010 are very similar, PowerPoint 2007 information is still useful.