Chemistry

Bradley Chamberlain (department head)

The program of instruction offered by the chemistry department is approved by the American Chemical Society Committee on Professional Training.

Required for a major: CHEM 201 (or 151 and 152), CHEM 202, 241, 242, 361, 365, 490; a total of eight hours, drawn from at least three of the four categories below; and an advanced lab, which can include an approved summer research experience, or one of 349, 366, 379, 389, or 490L if taken in addition to the eight hours above.

  • Biochemistry: CHEM 301, 349
  • Physical Chemistry: CHEM 351, 362, 366
  • Chemical Analysis: CHEM 344, 345
  • Inorganic Chemistry: CHEM 372, 373, 379, 474

In addition, one year of calculus (MATH 151 and 152) and a year of physics (PHYS 151 and 152, or PHYS 181 and 182) are required for the major. Writing requirement completed with CHEM 365.

(ACS Certified) Students wishing to be certified by the American Chemical Society should complete the requirements for the major, plus all of the following courses: CHEM 301, 344, 345, 351, 362, 366, 372, 373, 474, plus 2 credits in CHEM 349, 379 or CHEM 389.

Required for a minor: CHEM 151, 152, 202, 241, (CHEM 201 may be taken in place of CHEM 151 and 152), and four hours of chemistry in courses numbered above 300.

Writing Requirement: CHEM 365 is designated to fulfill the writing requirement and includes multiple writing projects.

Preparation for professional/graduate study: Students who need a full year of general chemistry for professional school must take either CHEM 151 and 152 or CHEM 201 and 202. Students considering going on to a graduate program in chemistry should consider taking additional courses beyond the minimum listed above. Students interested in teaching should see the education department for secondary education minor requirements.

Chemistry Courses

CHEM 114 The Environment: A Chemical Perspective

  • 4 hours
  • Fulfills: Natural World—Lab

A study of the environment with emphasis on the relationship between technology and our surroundings. Laboratory work may include field studies in the surrounding area. The course is designed for non-science students with little or no science background. (Students who earn credit for 114 may not earn credit for CHEM 116).

CHEM 141 Essentials of Chemistry

  • 4 hours
  • Fulfills: Natural World—Lab, Quantitative

A one-semester general chemistry class for students who require or wish to take just one semester of college chemistry with a laboratory component. Topics will be chosen from the Chemical Principles sequence (Chemistry 151-152) and laboratories will introduce students to basic chemistry lab skills and techniques. This course is not intended for students going on in chemistry or biology. Algebra skills are assumed. (Students who earn credit for 141 may not earn credit for CHEM 114, 116, 151 or 152).

CHEM 151 Chemical Principles I

  • 4 hours
  • Fulfills: Natural World—Lab, Quantitative

General course with laboratory intended primarily for students concentrating in the science area. Algebra skills are assumed. (Students who earn credit for 151 may not earn credit for CHEM 114, 116, or 141).

CHEM 152 Chemical Principles II

  • 4 hours
  • Fulfills: Natural World—Lab, Quantitative
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 151

General course intended primarily for students concentrating in the science area. Algebra skills are assumed.

CHEM 201 Advanced Chemical Principles

  • 4 hours
  • Fulfills: Natural World—Lab, Quantitative

A faster paced introduction to Chemistry than CHEM 151 and 152. Material from both CHEM 151 and 152 will be included, but basic chemical knowledge and competence in algebra will be assumed. Lab will emphasize an introduction to several instruments and to data-handling with spreadsheets. Prerequisite: a good high school chemistry course and testing into at least MATH 151 on mathematics placement test. In order to have a full year of chemistry as required by many professional schools students must take CHEM 202 in addition to this course. (Student who earn credit for 201 may not earn credit for CHEM 114 or 116).

CHEM 202 Analytical Chemistry

  • 4 hours
  • Fulfills: Natural World—Lab
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 152 or 201

An introduction to quantitative analysis with laboratory. The course provides a detailed examination of equilibrium chemistry and its application to gravimetry and titrimetry. The theory and practice of chromatographic separations and spectroscopic detection are introduced.

CHEM 241 Organic Chemistry I

  • 4 hours
  • Fulfills: Natural World—Lab
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 152 or 201

The first of a two-course sequence that examines the structure and reactivity of compounds containing carbon. Topics include bonding, nomenclature, conformations, stereochemistry, and organic acid/base chemistry. An introduction to reaction mechanism and reaction pathways is achieved through the study of the reactivity of aliphatic hydrocarbons. Spectroscopic identification of organic molecules by IR and NMR spectroscopy is also examined in detail. Three lectures per week, one three-hour lab a week.

CHEM 242 Organic Chemistry II

  • 4 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 241

The second of a two-course sequence that examines the structure and reactivity of compounds containing carbon. Topics include the reactivity of aromatic hydrocarbons and molecules containing the carbonyl functional group; parallels between the behavior of these compounds and biomolecules are illustrated. Emphasis is placed on reaction mechanisms and the design of multi-step organic syntheses. Three lectures per week, one three-hour lab per week.

CHEM 301 Biochemistry

  • 4 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 241, 242 .

An introduction to the chemistry of the four major classes of biological molecules:proteins, sugars, lipids, and nucleic acids. The relationship between the functional roles of these molecules and their structure and reactivity will be examined using the chemical principles mastered in the prerequisite courses of general chemistry and two semesters of organic chemistry. This course will fulfill the one-semester biochemistry prerequisite of typical health professional programs.

CHEM 344 Instrumental Methods: Spectroscopic Techniques

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 241.

A detailed look at the instrumentation and applications of optical spectroscopy associated with chemical analyses. Topics will include molecular and atomic absorption, fluorescence, NMR, and IR spectrometries, as well as selected advanced spectroscopic techniques.

CHEM 345 Instructional Methods: Separations and Electrochemistry

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 241, 202.

A detailed look at methods of separation and electroanalytical techniques including GC, HPLC, MS, SFC, potentiometry. amperometry, and voltammetry.

CHEM 349 Biochemistry Laboratory

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 241 and one of the following: CHEM 301, BIO 243, 248, 363 or 364. CHEM 202 and 365 recommended.

A laboratory introduction to the isolation and analysis of biological molecules. Techniques employed will include cell culture, protein purification, use of fluorescent tags, and immunochemical methods of analysis.

CHEM 351 Chemical Kinetics

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 241, MATH 152.

An introduction to the area of chemistry involving the rates at which chemical reactions occur. Topics will include classical kinetics, kinetics of fast reactions, and enzyme kinetics.

CHEM 361 Quantum Chemistry and Spectroscopy

  • 4 hours
  • Prerequisites: MATH 152, PHYS 181, 182 (or PHYS 151, 152).

An introduction to the formalism of quantum mechanics through the core quantum mechanical models of the particle in the box, the harmonic oscillator,the rigid rotor, and the hydrogen atom. Applications of these models are then made to describe various types of spectroscopy used to study chemical systems.

CHEM 362 Thermodynamics

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 152 or 201, MATH 152, PHYS 181, 182 (or PHYS 151, 152).

Mathematical treatment of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics and how those laws govern chemical and physical changes.

CHEM 365 Spectroscopy and Separations Lab

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 202, 242.

A laboratory introduction to various types of spectroscopy and separation techniques and how they are used in the chemistry laboratory. Techniques will include UV/VIS, IR, fluorescence, and NMR spectroscopy, and liquid and gas phase chromatography.

CHEM 366 Thermodynamics and Kinetics Laboratory

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 202, 242. CHEM 365 recommended.

A laboratory introduction to the study of the energetics and rates of chemical reactions.

CHEM 371 Polymer Chemistry

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: Take Chem 242

An introduction to polymer science that examines the synthesis, characterization, and properties of macromolecules. Emphasis is placed upon mechanisms of polymerization, the stereochemistry of monomer enchainment, the determination of molar mass distributions, and the thermal properties of bulk polymers. Offered alternate years.

CHEM 372 Organometallic Chemistry

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 242.

An examination of the structure and reactivity of compounds with carbon-metal covalent bonds. Emphasis is placed upon reaction mechanisms and the use of these compounds in the synthesis of complex organic molecules. Examples include carbon-carbon cross-couplings, metathesis, hydrogenation, and cabonylation. Offered alternate years.

CHEM 373 Solid State Chemistry

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 241.

An examination of the synthesis and characterization of solids, especially those with crystalline structures. Emphasis is placed upon the electrochemical, magnetic, optical, and conductive properties of these materials, as well as their applications in batteries, semiconductors, superconductors, and light-emitting devices. Materials of interest include zeolites, metal-organic frameworks, and nanotubes. Offered alternate years.

CHEM 379 Inorganic Synthesis Laboratory

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 202, 242.

A laboratory introduction to the synthesis and characterization of inorganic compounds. Syntheses will include coordination and organometallic compounds of both historical and contemporary interest. Techniques will include inert atmosphere manipulations. Offered alternate years.

CHEM 474 Physical Inorganic Chemistry

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 361

An introduction to the use of symmetry for qualitative predictions of energy levels, molecular orbitals, and spectra of molecules. Offered alternate years.

CHEM 490 Senior Project

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 365 and 4 additional hours of chemistry numbered above 300.

Each student will write a research paper reporting the results and significance of the project completed to satisfy the Chemistry 490L requirement. In addition, the seminar meets weekly for lectures and discussions led by students, faculty, and visiting scholars. Students who have not completed the prerequisites before the fall semester of their senior year must complete the prerequisites and register for this course in January.

CHEM 490L Senior Project Lab

  • 2 hours
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 365.

A semester-long laboratory experience in which students work as a group (minimum of 6 hours per week) on a project defined by the chemistry faculty. This course requirement for majors may be waived for students who have an approved summer research experience in chemistry or a related area, or who have done research in chemistry or a related area at Luther for the equivalent of 2 semester hours. This course is grade credit/no credit.