Mathematics and the Sciences
Many career opportunities await today's graduates adequately trained in mathematics, biology, chemistry, computer science, and physics. Our society needs large numbers of them in many fields.
Biology majors can use their training in such fields as conservation, ecology, public health, nutrition, dietetics, medical technology, optometry, physical therapy, veterinary medicine, museum work, industry, medical research, agriculture, and forestry. The biology major has the basic training necessary to enter graduate training and research in any of the subdisciplines.
A college graduate who has majored in chemistry is prepared for a variety of positions in medicine, industry, and civil service. The graduate who wishes further training and experience as a research scientist goes on to additional study for an advanced degree, concentrating in one of the areas of chemistry. An undergraduate training in chemistry is also basic to such fields as medicine, biochemistry, microbiology, metallurgy, and ecology.
Physics majors are encouraged to obtain a broadly based interdisciplinary background to prepare for fields such as energy resources, environmental sciences, electronics, computer science, medical physics, physics teaching, and business. The physics major has the basic training to enter graduate study and research in physics, astronomy, earth and space sciences, health physics, most engineering fields, optics, and computer science.
A wide range of vocational possibilities is open to the well-trained mathematics major: actuarial science, operations research, software design, statistical analysis and quality control, engineering, government civil service, medicine, law and management, to name just a few. Increased use of mathematical modeling and simulation puts mathematics double majors in a stronger position in such areas as accounting, psychology, economics, sociology, political science, and management as well as the traditional natural sciences.
The college graduate with a major in computer science is prepared for a variety of computer-related positions, either helping to create the hardware and software that make up new systems, or bringing computer capabilities to bear on the vast array of endeavors that humankind undertakes. Computer science students are encouraged to obtain as rich and varied an education as possible in order to allow them to become aware of areas of possible computer applications.
Many of the opportunities mentioned for mathematics and science majors require graduate training varying from a master's to a Ph.D. degree. Many graduate institutions offer scholarships, fellowships, and assistantships to well-qualified students to help defray the expense of advanced study.